雅思长难句解析(65)|长难句“综合版”主句

作者: 小郑 2023-12-04 03:30:32
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2023雅思长难句解析||栏目推送说明雅思长难句解析每周一期,专业老师解读成功就是日复一日的积累本期作者:郑百慧例句1Forinstance,aftertheUSpublicbecameconcernedaboutthespreadofadiseaseknownasBSE,whichwastransmittedtohumansthroughinfectedmeat,theUSgovernment’sFoodandDrugAdministrationintroducedrulesdemandingthatthemeatindustryabandonpracticesassociatedwiththeriskofthediseasespreading.(剑15Test4Passage3)1)结构分析层次一:主句:theUSgovernment’sFoodandDrugAdministrationintroducedrules修饰①:after.......meat【after状从,修饰主句,表时间】修饰②:demandingthat.......spreading【doing分词定语,修饰rules】层次二:修饰①内部:主体:theUSpublic......ofadiseaseknownasBSE修饰:which....meat,【which定从,修饰BSE】修饰②内部:主体:demandingthatthemeatindustryabandonpractices修饰:associatedwith....spreading【done分词定语,修饰practices】结构总结:主句+状从【嵌套定从】+doing【嵌套done】2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号例如,【美国公众开始关注一种(被称作疯牛病的)疾病传播,(这种疾病是通过受感染的肉类传染给人类的)】,在此之后,美国政府的“食品和药物管理局”就出台了规定,【要求肉类行业放弃(有疾病传播风险的)做法】。雅思长难句解析(65)|长难句“综合版”主句3)重点词汇:infected:adj.感染的associatedwith:(词组)和....有关spread:n.传播disease:n.疾病transmit:v.传递demand:v.要求practices:n.做法例句2Itignoresthefactthatbusinessesarenotcharitiesbutprofit-makingcompanies,andthatpubliclyownedcompanieswithshareholdersareunderobligationtothoseshareholderstomaximizeprofits,providedthattheydosobylegalmeans.(剑15Test4Passage3)1)结构分析层次一:主句:Itignoresthefact修饰①:that........companies【that引导同位从,解释fact】修饰②:that........means【that引导同位从,解释fact】层次二:修饰②内部:主体:publiclyownedcompanieswithshareholdersareunderobligation修饰①:tothoseshareholders【介短定语,修饰obligation】修饰②:tomaximizeprofits【todo定语,修饰obligation】修饰③:providedthat......means【done分词状语,修饰主体,表条件】结构总结:主句+同位从+同位从【嵌套介短+todo+done】2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号这忽略了两个事实:(一是企业不是慈善组织而是盈利公司),【二是拥有股东的上市公司有义务(为这些股东)(去获得最大的利益),(前提是要通过合法手段)】。3)重点词汇:maximize:v.最大化businesses:n.企业公司publiclyownedcompanies:(词组)上市公司charities:n.慈善组织obligationtodo:(词组)做某事儿的义务shareholders:n.股东profit-making:adj.盈利的legalmeans:(词组)合法途径例句3Myviewmayseemtoignorethebeliefthatbusinessesshouldactinaccordancewithmoralprinciplesevenifthisleadstoareductionintheirprofits.(剑15Test4Passage3)1)结构分析:层次一:主句:Myviewmayseemtoignorethebelief修饰:that.....profits【that同位从,解释belief的内容】层次二:修饰内部:主体:businessesshouldactinaccordancewithmoralprinciples修饰:evenif......profits【evenif状从,修饰主体,表让步】结构总结:主句+同位语【嵌套状从】2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号我的观点似乎忽略了这一宗旨:【企业应该按道德准则行事(即使这让他们利益受损)】。雅思长难句解析(65)|长难句“综合版”主句3)重点词汇:ignore:v.忽视inaccordancewith:(词组)按照根据profits:n.利益reduction:n.减少moralprinciples:(词组)道德准则